Online Dictionary

A dictionary is a collection of words in one or more specific languages, often listed alphabetically (or by radical and stroke for ideographic languages), with usage information, definitions, etymologies, phonetics, pronunciations, and other information;[1] or a book of words in one language with their equivalents in another, also known as a lexicon.

According to Nielsen (2008) a dictionary may be regarded as a lexicographical product that is characterized by three significant features: (1) it has been prepared for one or more functions; (2) it contains data that have been selected for the purpose of fulfilling those functions; and (3) its lexicographic structures link and establish relationships between the data so that they can meet the needs of users and fulfill the functions of the dictionary.

A broad distinction is made between general and specialized dictionaries. Specialized dictionaries do not contain information about words that are used in language for general purposes—words used by ordinary people in everyday situations. Lexical items that describe concepts in specific fields are usually called terms instead of words, although there is no consensus whether lexicology and terminology are two different fields of study.

In theory, general dictionaries are supposed to be semasiological, mapping word to definition, while specialized dictionaries are supposed to be onomasiological, first identifying concepts and then establishing the terms used to designate them. In practice, the two approaches are used for both types.[2] There are other types of dictionaries that don't fit neatly in the above distinction, for instance bilingual (translation) dictionaries, dictionaries of synonyms (thesauri), or rhyming dictionaries. The word dictionary (unqualified) is usually understood to refer to a monolingual general-purpose dictionary.

A different dimension on which dictionaries (usually just general-purpose ones) are sometimes distinguished is whether they are prescriptive or descriptive, the latter being in theory largely based on linguistic corpus studies—this is the case of most modern dictionaries. However, this distinction cannot be upheld in the strictest sense. The choice of headwords is considered itself of prescriptive nature; for instance, dictionaries avoid having too many taboo words in that position. Stylistic indications (e.g. ‘informal’ or ‘vulgar’) present in many modern dictionaries is considered less than objectively descriptive as well.

Although the first recorded dictionaries date back to Sumerian times (these were bilingual dictionaries), the systematic study of dictionaries as objects of scientific interest themselves is a 20th-century enterprise, called lexicography, and largely initiated by Ladislav Zgusta. The birth of the new discipline was not without controversy, the practical dictionary-makers being sometimes accused by others of "astonishing" lack of method and critical-self reflection.

Sabalico Logo
Sabali Mail Logo
Sabali Analytics Logo
Senty Logo
World Map Logo
SEO Guide Logo
Keyword Tool Logo
Domain Search Logo
What is my IP Logo
My Device Logo
My Browser Logo
My Location Logo
Time Zone Logo
My Weather Logo
My Galaxy Logo
The Moon Logo
Flight Tracker Logo
Periodic Table Logo
Test Speed Logo
Website On Logo
Page Load Logo
Code Editor Logo
Format Code Logo
HTML Validator Logo
CSS Validator Logo
ASCII Table Logo
HTML Symbols Logo
Emoji Symbols Logo
File Save Logo
File Convert Logo
Encode File Logo
Sitemap Generator Logo
Generator Password Logo
QR Code Generator Logo
Barcode Generator Logo
Online Sign Logo
PDF Reader Logo
Thesaurus Online Logo
Dictionary Online Logo
Counter Word Logo
Text Convert Logo
Word Spinner Logo
Lorem Ipsum Generator Logo
Sprite Sheet Logo
Edit Picture Logo
Resize Image Logo
Image Compress Logo
Image Color Logo
Image Crop Logo
Combine Images Logo
Favicon Generator Logo
Color Palette Logo
Color Picker Logo
Color Mix Logo
Color Convert Logo
CSS Gradient Logo
rStatistics Logo
Free Data Logo
Random Data Logo
World Population Logo
Unit Convert Logo
Data Convert Logo
Coordinate Converter Logo
Temperature Convert Logo
Currency Convert Logo
Phone Country Logo
To-Do List Logo
Calendar Free Logo
Free Calculator Logo
Finance Calculator Logo
Loan Calculator Logo
Calculator Mortgage Logo
Stock Calculator Logo
Bond Calculator Logo
Tax Calculator Logo
Tip Calculator Logo
Gas Mileage Logo
Generator Meme Logo
Coronavirus Tracker Logo
2020 Election Logo